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What are haemorrhoids?

Haemorrhoids are an illness in the course of which the veins in the rectal area become swollen. Statistics show that up to 70% of adults suffer from haemorrhoids at least once in their life. Due to the prevalence of cases, haemorrhoids rank among the disorders of modern civilisation. The discomfort and complications caused by haemorrhoids have a significant effect on the overall quality of life of 75% of women and 25% of men. Diskomfort a komplikace, které jsou způsobeny hemoroidy, mají výrazný vliv na celkovou kvalitu života 75 % žen a 25 % mužů.

External haemorrhoids

  • are on the outer surface of the anus

  • look like small red knots and can be felt

  • most external haemorrhoids itch or burn, but do not bleed

  • if a blood clot forms in a haemorrhoid, the vein becomes clogged

Hemorrelax outer hemorrhoid
Hemorrelax internal hemorrhoid

Internal haemorrhoids

  • occur deeper in the rectal cavity

  • can be felt by pressure when defecating, but are not painful in and of themselves

  • a typical symptom is bleeding, when red blood is clearly visible on toilet paper or on the surface of the stool

Genetics or the result of lifestyle?

Haemorrhoids are hereditary, but a sedentary lifestyle, lack of fluids, an improper diet rich in sugars and foods that cause irritation, alcohol, caffeine and smoking can also contribute to the formation of haemorrhoids. Sitting on the toilet for a long time and flaccid musculature of the pelvic floor are also conditions for occurrence of the illness. One of the first signals that patients notice at the onset of the illness is bleeding after a bowel movement. Bleeding is a symptom of the illness regardless of whether it involves internal or external haemorrhoids.

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